Aviation Accident Summaries

Aviation Accident Summary DCA13MA133

Birmingham, AL, USA

Aircraft #1

N155UP

AIRBUS A300 - F4 622R

Analysis

Same as Factual Information

Factual Information

The Safety Boards full report is available at http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/AccidentReports/Pages/aviation.aspx. The Aircraft Accident Report number is NTSB/AAR-14/02. On August 14, 2013, about 0447 central daylight time (CDT), United Parcel Service (UPS) flight 1354, an Airbus A300-600, N155UP, crashed short of runway 18 during a localizer nonprecision approach to runway 18 at Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport (BHM), Birmingham, Alabama. The captain and first officer were fatally injured, and the airplane was destroyed by impact forces and postcrash fire. The nonscheduled cargo flight was operating under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 121 on an instrument flight rules flight plan, and dark night visual flight rules conditions prevailed at the airport; variable instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) with a variable ceiling were present north of the airport on the approach course at the time of the accident. The flight originated from Louisville International Airport-Standiford Field (SDF), Louisville, Kentucky, about 0503 eastern daylight time (EDT).

Probable Cause and Findings

the flight crews continuation of an unstabilized approach and their failure to monitor the aircrafts altitude during the approach, which led to an inadvertent descent below the minimum approach altitude and subsequently into terrain. Contributing to the accident were (1) the flight crews failure to properly configure and verify the flight management computer for the profile approach; (2) the captains failure to communicate his intentions to the first officer once it became apparent the vertical profile was not captured; (3) the flight crews expectation that they would break out of the clouds at 1,000 feet above ground level due to incomplete weather information; (4) the first officers failure to make the required minimums callouts; (5) the captains performance deficiencies likely due to factors including, but not limited to, fatigue, distraction, or confusion, consistent with performance deficiencies exhibited during training; and (6) the first officers fatigue due to acute sleep loss resulting from her ineffective off-duty time management and circadian factors.

 

Source: NTSB Aviation Accident Database

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